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Throughout the Second World War, the USA and the Soviet Union were allies, and Premier Joseph Stalin unlocked Soviet boundaries to a influx of American film, audio, print sources, and even tourists. This American civilization, particularly the dozens of Jazz records and records, grew tremendously popular. Jazz orchestras sprung up throughout Moscow and the Soviet bloc, and such groups vie to get the opportunity to play American scores in their own fashions. Music became a frequent vehicle conveying the civilization of the West over the USSR. Subsequent to the war, yet, Stalin and his Generals became apprehensive about the damaging effect that substantial exposure to Western civilization could have on the Party and also on the ideology. Soon thereafter, the Kremlin "launched an effort to purge the USSR of foreign influence." Through the 1940s and 1950s, American jazz, together with Western authors, art, and films were the focus of innumerable propaganda campaigns. Since Adam Makowicz, a renowned Polish jazz pianist, recalls about growing up in this age, "Suppression of jazz mostly failed becausewe were also addicted! The music, open to improvisation coming from a free country, was our hour of freedom; it was our expectation and joy which helped us to survive the dark days of censorship and other oppression." It was not denying that started Jazz into such a prominent place among the Russian conscience, however, the look of the same State Department that brought cultural exchanges and exhibitions into the Soviet bloc. Ambassador William Harriman had contended from the onset of the building of US Foreign Policy toward the USSR, that radio was the only surefire method to reach and impact a populace that was so isolated from geography, illiteracy, celebration pr...