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The death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC marks the Start of the Hellenistic Period and covers 300 years into the invasion of Egypt by the Romans. The word Hellenic refers only to the Greeks, however, the term Hellenistic refers to 'the Greek-influenced societies which arose in the wake of Alexander's conquest' (Sacks, 105). The Hellenistic world expanded from Greece all the way to Afghanistan and also led to the start of the mass spreading of Greek culture. Its central characteristics were that the mass empires created by Alexander and his successors, the mingling of Greek and other civilizations as well as also the diffusion of religions The conquests of Alexander the Great Alexander acquired a reputation for military genius when he became king of Macedon following the murder of his own father. He undertook the long-term dream of his dad to punish the Persians for their invasion of Greece, almost 150 years before. Little by little that he took on the Persian Empire, first Turkey afterward Israel then Egypt afterward all of the way east to Afghanistan and India "The most durable thing he did was to found towns, some 70 of them, that had been outpost of Greek culture all over the known world" (Thomas, 2003). At 323 BC he died at Babylon in the time of just thirty-two. "Alexander left behind not just conquests but also monarchy" (Boardman, 1986). He also provided a model for its series of Hellenistic kings that followed. The kingdom following Alexander The issue of series presented a challenging problem. "Philip 111 Arrhidaeus, the bastard son of Philip 11 and therefore half brother to Alexander was mentally retarded" (Milton, 1986) and his own son Alexander 1V was only a baby. In the absence of a suitable redesign his generals fought each other and the champions spli...