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The Advantages and Limitations of Strategic Planning for Organizations "It was August of 1914 and Germany had committed virtually its whole army into the invasion of Belgium and France. Few German troops stayed to defend East Prussia against the invasion of 2 huge Russian armies. Despite the numerical inferiority, Colonel Hoffmann, leader of the German Eighth Army staff, made an audacious approach to encircle and annihilate one of the Russian armies. He began to plan a thorough assault. At precisely the same time, on a train traveling east, General Ludendorff, the incoming chief of staff of the reinforced German forces in East Prussia, identified the exact same opportunity and created the exact same strategy. Paul von Hindenburg, the new commander of German forces in the east, implemented the Hoffmann/Ludendorff strategy. At the resulting Battle of Tannenberg, only 10,000 of the 150,000 soldiers in the Russian Second Army escaped."  When discussing the idea of strategic planning many key words seem to arise. Plan, planning, detail, identify, opportunity and implement. The article above describes briefly a situation where every one of these keywords were practically utilized. Although this case has no obvious relation to the area of business, we can begin to examine what were the benefits and limitations of strategic planning for Colonel Hoffman and his troops. The obvious benefits of the strategic plan were that they'd be able to take the Russian soldiers by surprise, possibly allowing the Germans to obtain an edge in battle. But there were also limitations of the planned strategy. By way of instance there was only a little number Germa...