Get help with any kind of assignment - from a high school essay to a PhD dissertation
Calvin's Success in Geneva In the generation after Luther and Zwingli the dominating amount of the Reformation was John Calvin, the French Protestant theologian who fled religious persecution in his native state and at 1536 settled in the newly independent republic of Geneva. Calvin led to the strict enforcement of reform steps previously instituted by the town council of Geneva and insisted on further reforms, including the congregational singing of the Psalms as part of sin, the teaching of a catechism and confession of faith to kids, the enforcement of a strict moral discipline in the community by the pastors and members of the church, and the excommunication of notorious sinners. Calvin's church company was democratic and integrated ideas of representative government. Members of this congregation elected pastors, teachers, presbyters, and deacons for their official positions. Although state and church were officially different, they cooperated so closely that Geneva was virtually a theocracy. To apply discipline of morals, Calvin instituted a rigid review of household conduct and arranged a consistory, composed of pastors and laypersons, with broad powers of compulsion within the community. The dress and personal behavior of citizens were invited to the tiniest detail; dancing, card playing, dicing, and other recreations were prohibited; blasphemy and ribaldry were severely punished. Below this severe regime, nonconformists were persecuted and even put to death. To promote the reading and comprehension of the Bible, all taxpayers were supplied with a.. .