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Whether in the Old World of community, familial relationships and conventional values, or from the New World of non-traditional relationships, individualism and doubt, the struggle for survival predominates the immigrant narrative. Religious and racial intolerance, social upheaval, economic adversity, and political chaos underscore the root of emigration, however, the brand new planet was far from idyllic, and traces of the scourges checkered the landscape of the New World as well as the Mother land. The earliest immigrants that settled in North America were the Puritans in 1621. Unlike their predecessors from the late sixteenth, that ventured into America for the sole intention of seeking gold and glory; the Puritans sought refuge in a vast new land, and liberty to practice their beliefs without fear of refuge from regulating authority. In compact using the monarchy, the Church of England, along with Anglican officials routinely oppressed and harassed the Separatists. William Bradford in his history, Of Plymouth Plantation, composed of those Puritans, " But after these things they could not longer continue in any peaceable state, but had been hunted and persecuted on every side, in order their former afflictions were but as flea-bitings compared to them which now came upon them. For many were shot and clapped up in jail, others had their houses beset and watched day and night, and hardly escaped their hands; and the most were fain to flee and abandon their houses and habitations, and also the means of their livelihood " (Bradford 9). In de-emphasizing the function of the Church, itвЂ™s rituals, and workplaces, and supplanting them having a more personal and direct approach to God and spirituality; the Protestant Reformation, through the functions of Martin...