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Guadalcanal As war raged on in Europe, the United States stayed on the sidelines supplying only help to allied states. The best threat then was considered to be Hitler and his German war machine. However, on December 7 1941 that this thought would radically alter. On this date the island of Pearl Harbor was struck by a surprise attack against Japanese naval and air forces. The Japanese managed to radically cripple the U.S. Pacific fleet, also had the Pacific carriers now been current, the Japanese may have even been in a position to alter the course of the war. '' This tragedy, which enraged the American people, sparked a statute of war towards Japan and the other Axis powers. This intern indicated the United States formal entry in World War II. Shortly after this incident, Admiral Ernest J. King, Commander in Chief of this U.S. fleet, fulfilled British leaders to the first joint seminar, given the code name "Arcadia." This conference was supposed to reaffirm America's stance in combating the European front initially and the Pacific front as only a defensive posture. This defensive position was said as protecting "vital interests", but it had been relatively obscure. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet, had been given the order by Admiral King to protect the U.S.-Australian sea-lanes. This was to be accomplished chiefly by securing the lineup between Hawaii and the Samoa islands using an expansion to the Fiji islands. Nevertheless this task was not considered high priority and also simply "had to be achieved" at the earliest possible date. At the identical time Japan has been expanding their Pacific Empire at a alarming rate over a huge place. This induced army leaders to rethink their view on the pacific front. .