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During a night of celebrating the holidays, a tragic fire struck the heart of downtown Tucson, Arizona, the Pioneer International Hotel. The resort towered 11 stories in the air and hosted guests napping in their rooms in addition to approximately 650 other people that celebrated at the banquet room and other meeting rooms. Soon after midnight on December 20th, 1970 a fire ignited that took twenty-eight lives that night and contributing to some other death nine months afterwards. The devastation that nighttime lacked a wave of changes into nearby buildings which would make safety a priority. The fire was believed to have been set in two distinct locations in a hallway on the second floor by 16-year-old Louis C. Taylor. The fire spread throughout the hall and trapped approximately 60 people in their own rooms. Some victims tried to escape the smoke and fires by jumping out of top level windows onto mattresses that had been thrown out first. Others fell prey to the fires, while others never knew what was occurring as they passed off in their sleep from carbon monoxide poisoning. The fire had the ability and means to spread through the hallway and up the stairs because of the deficiency of doors to different individual floor degrees. Investigator Bill Martin explained this by saying вЂњThere was a opening essentially from the base towards the top. It was just like a chimney, a fireplaceвЂќ (as cited in the worst afternoon, n.d., researchers determine the blaze area). With no positioning of doors to separate floor levels from the hallway, fire and smoke had an unobstructed path to disperse both laterally and horizontally throughout the home. The hotel lacked smoke alarms which are made to warn individuals of a flame. Without this warning method lots of individuals never awakened u.. .