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In order to ascertain how important beliefs and ideologies were in contributing to the abolition of the slave trade in 1807, and the eventual abolition of slavery in 1833, this mission will consider moral, political,economic and spiritual elements which culminated into both of these distinct reforms. It will explore the influence of Enlightenment; the impact of non-conformists; the role of individuals and resistance from slaves themselves. Additionally, it will take a look at the attitudes regarding the Atlantic slave trade and slavery from other perspectives. Justifications that were gleaned in the Bible, also out of Antiquity, regarding the differences between white and black people supposed that for a lot of the eighteenth century enslaving Africans was usually approved. But from the 1800s the beliefs and ideologies were challenged, and both slavery and the slave trade were increasingly contested and convicted. Enlightenment thinkers were also instrumental in debates in which reason and intellect were dominant. They believed that people had the capability to improve both themselves, and their own environment. Underpinning Enlightenment ideas were the theories of human and natural rights. Moreover, the concept that the basic right of property would be the own person diminished the argument that any attack on slavery had been an attack on property. Enlightened ideas influenced individuals such as Adam Smith who had been concerned with economic policy,also Elizabeth Heyrick, who had been a middle-class Quaker who pushed for immediate emancipation. (Unit 16,pp.87) Anthology 4.4 (a) and (b) provides definitions of slavery and the slave trade. The principal points raised are that men were created equal and free so slavery was contrary to natural...