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Diversity at work is a topic which has gained increased attention over recent decades. After all, the effect of affirmative action and equal employment opportunity programs on the country's workforce is undeniable. Women and minorities were the first to radically alter the face of the financial mainstream, while gays, individuals with disabilities and older citizens followed not far behind. The end result is a diverse American labor force representing a microcosm of the society - one which continues to struggle with its identity. Continuing to improve racial and cultural diversity in the workforce poses among the most challenging human resource and organizational issues of the time; however , this paper will reveal that overcoming this challenge is crucial if organizations want to thrive in todayвЂ™s global marketplace and have favorable effects on the bottom line. The dictionary definition of the term diversity refers to distinct elements or qualities вЂ" factors of difference. Additionally, it means a condition of becoming different. The Latin origin, diversus, suggests that historically this thought was a neutral, or even negative, connotation. Synonyms are different, unlike, opposed, or hostile. (Gundling 2007) As it pertains to organizations, diversity can be described as a collective mixture characterized by similarities and differences which are applied in pursuit of organizational goals. Diversity management is the process of planning for, organizing, directing, and encouraging those collective mixtures in a manner that adds a measurable difference to organizational performance. (Hubbard 2004) From the USA, diversity in the ethnic sense was interpreted primarily with reference to racial, cultural, or sex differenc...