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How well do standardized tests function as tools for getting information about children's literacy strengths and needs? Standardized tests have both negative and positive applications as they pertain to getting information and what that advice can be used for. Using programs can also be used to direct instruction, and they are sometimes utilized as informal or summative evaluations. The use of the standardized test in addition to a student portfolio will give the teacher information which may be utilized to evaluate how well they are instructing and what areas they may still need more work in. There are many pros and cons as to whether there ought to be standardized testing. Both sides of the debate have some legitimate points, and by listing some of these you can create your own decision regarding if standardized testing is good or bad, and what or how you can use the testing information in your own classroom. "Standardized tests are characterized by W. James Popham, former president of the American Educational Research Association, as 'any test that is administered, scored, and interpreted at a standard, predetermined manner." (ProCon.org, 2011, p. 6) The debate over these evaluations has become a very hot topic especially since the implementation of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) act. The debate over these evaluations covers all instructional areas and therefore is pertinent to this area of children's literacy. At the core of this debate is the Major stance of both sides: Proponents say standardized tests are a fair and objective measure of pupil Achievement, that they ensure schools and teachers are accountable to taxpayers, and that the many important constituents -- parents and students -- approve of studying. Experts say that the tests are neither f.. .