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There is a plethora of approaches when it comes to examining the concept of leadership. One can analyze leadership through the lens of all theories, either behavioral, contingency or trait theories. Leadership may also be analyzed through the lens of styles, whether transactional, participative, transformative, charismatic or slave fashions. Wren writes "Leadership is a complex phenomenon, requiring the continuous interaction of three fundamental elements: the chief, the followers, and also the surrounding situation or context. An effective leader should learn something about each and how they interact." (Wren, p. 125). In the segment "The Leaders", Wren compiles readings that focus on the leader, bringing to the forefront issues about traits, behaviors, sex and minorities and the way they influence leadership. In this essay, I will examine the dilemma of sex, specifically whether women lead differently than men. I'll compare and contrast Virginia Schein's decisions with those of other researchers. Schein starts by elucidating which in our quest to know what constitutes successful leaders, we've started to look past the theories of traits and behavior, past the contingency concepts and have switched our attention to this question of how gender affects leadership. She explains that one view suggests women would direct otherwise being "oriented toward cooperation, teamwork and concern for others." (Schein, p. 162) By this perspective, possessing feminine traits would be beneficial and consequently increase opportunities for women to get managerial positions. However, she points out, the attention on sex based traits is in fact counterproductive to promoting equality for women in the office as it "perpetuates sex...