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Benito Mussolini Mussolini and the intervention crisis Benito Mussolini was born in Predappio, near Forli, in Romagna, on July 29, 1883. Like his father, Benito became a fervent socialist. He qualified as an elementary schoolmaster in 1901. In 1902 he emigrated to Switzerland. Unable to find a permanent job there and arrested for vagrancy, he was expelled and returned to Italy to do his military support. After further trouble with the authorities, he joined the staff of a newspaper in the Austrian town of Trento in 1908. Expelled from the Austrians, he turned into the editor in Forli of a socialist paper, La Lotta di Classe (The Class Struggle). His early enthusiasm for Karl Marx was modified by a Combination of ideas from the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche, the revolutionary doctrines of Auguste Blanqui, along with also the syndicalism of Georges Sorel. In 1910, Mussolini became secretary of the native Socialist party at Forli.When Italy declared war on Turkey in 1911, he had been imprisoned because of his anti-war propaganda. Appointed editor of the official Socialist newspaper Avanti, he transferred to Milan, where he established himself as the most forceful of all the leaders of Italian socialism. At this stage in his entire life, his political views were anti-militarist and anti-war but during the intervention crisis his perspectives shifted radically and became opposite of what they were previously. On June 28 the Archduke of Austria Franze Ferdinand, Hapsburg heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated in the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo. The passing of the heir has been greeted with relief and joy because he once said publicly that he wanted to declare war on Italy, but also because ItalyвЂ™s relations with Austria had became increasingly tensed since th...