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Issue : Discuss in detail how American filmmakers Edwin Porter and D.W Griffith constructed on early films by the Lumiere brothers and George Melies. Use examples from the oeuvre of each filmmaker to substantiate your argument. This essay will outline an introduction to the early decades of motion pictures and improvements that helped shape cinema as we know it now. This paper will explore the roles of the early leaders and also the extent to which their contributions shaped cinema. In particular, it is going to examine how E.S Porter and D.W Griffith improved on the first years of cinema as result of influences in Louis and Auguste Lumiere and George Melies. The 18th century has marked the commencement of the innovation of cinematography. The creation of cinema owes its existence to some scientists and investors who are broadly famous for laying its base. One of those pioneers are the Lumiere brothers that had been a few of the earliest contributors to cinema, inventing the very first actual film camera known as the "cinematographe", which effectively functioned as a camera, projector and printer all in one (Barnauw, 1993:6). So giving rise to the art of movie making. Originally, in the early years of cinema since there wasn't any developed arrangement [or speech ] to inform cinematic stories, the early Lumiere brother?s movies such as Workers leaving the Lumiere mill (1895) and The Arrival of a Train at the Station (1895), were composed of one shot, no camera movement and only one continuous activity from beginning to end (Obalil, 2007). Additionally because the camera has been fixed and captured just what were before its lens with no manipulation these films.