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Marxist Perspective on Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis In the outside, Franz Kafka's 1916 novella, The Metamorphosis, seems to be just a tale of a man who awakened one morning to find himself transformed into a bug. But, a closer reading with Marx and Engel's economic notions in mind shows an overarching metaphor that provides the improbable story a fantastic deal of significance to the structure of society. Gregor Samsa, the protagonist, suggests the proletariat, along with the working class, and his eldest manager represents the bourgeoisie. The conflict that arises between both following Gregor's metamorphosis leaves him unable to operate signifies the impersonal and dehumanizing structure of class relations. The metaphor of the story can be broken up into three main components (even though they overlap within the story.) First, Kafka establishes the characters and the financial classes that they represent. Afterward, he details Gregor's metamorphosis and also the manner in that it hastens his labour. Eventually, he describes the final results of the worker's inability to perform: abandonment by his own family and death. Though a man can't literally be changed into an insect, then he could, for one reason or the other, eventually become unable to do the job. Kafka's novella, therefore, is a wonderful portrayal of a realistic scenario and supplies us with an invaluable insight into the conflicts between economic classes. Over the first couple of pages of the novella, we as viewers quickly detect Gregor's role as the proletariat from the narrative. He is forced to labor as a traveling salesman, trying to encourage his loved ones and repay his father's debt from a failed business enterprise. While lying in bed, he also comments on his own life as a traveling salesman, "Day in, day out - on the road... I have t.. .