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Visual Effects Created By E.E. Cummings In His Poetry Edward Estlin Cummings, commonly referred to as E. E. Cummings, was created on October 14, 1894 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was a source of vast knowledge and was responsible for many creative works other than his poetry, such as novels, plays, and paintings. He published his first book of poetry Tulips and Chimneys in 1923. Many of his poems are known for the visual effects that they produce through his unusual placement of words on the page, as well as, his lack of punctuation and capitalization. The way Cummings arranges the voice of his poetry creates an image in the reader's thoughts of the subject he is discussing, such as a year or climbing stairs. His visual style also brings emotions, like loneliness or cheerfulness, to the reader's mind. Due to this imagination, Cummings won several awards, like the National Book Award and the Bollingen Prize in poetry (Marks 17). In his poem "l(a", the words are arranged in such a manner that they are falling down the webpage. He only puts a few letters of each word on a line after which continues to spell out the word down the page. The main focus of the poem is all about loneliness and the words almost appear to be more "lonely." He uses parentheses around the term "a leaf falls," which appears in the center of the poem. The remaining letters from the poem spell "loneliness." When these are placed together in precisely the same poem, it creates an effect that there is a leaf falling from a tree into the ground where it's going to be lonely because it is going to be separated out of the tree. Cummings highlights the image of being alone or aloof by using two versions of this word one. On the first line, he uses the letter "l," which also looks like the number "1." On.