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GENDER REPRESENTATION AND STEREOTYPING IN 7 to years pre-1970 presented male to female ratios of 4.0:1 in titles, 2.6:1 in fundamental functions, and 1.6:1 in images (Kortenhaus & Demarest, 1993). The Caldecott books for many years post-1970 had more equal ratios of 1.2:1 for titles, 1.2:1 for fundamental characters, and 1.1:1 in movies. The non-award books revealed similar ratios. This is a significant reduction from the male to female ratios in Weitzman's analysis of Caldecott books in 1972. This analysis led to 8.0:1 ratio in names, 3.5:1 ratio in central characters, and a 7.6:1 ratio in pictures (Kortenhaus & Demarest, 1993). Although equality has been reached in male to female ratios, the types of roles where female and male characters play demonstrates sex stereotyping. In the 1970s and 1980s male to female ratios depicted in instrumental-independent activities was 3.4:1 in 1970 and 2.65:1 at 1980 (Kortenhaus & Demarest, 1993). Instrumental-independent activities comprised active outdoor play, solving a issue, and assisting others. This is a significant reduction compared to the 1940s to 1960s when ratios ranged from 13.5:1 in 1940 to 6.1:1 in 1960. This reduction in stereotypical actions also connected for females. The passive- reliant activities included quiet indoor play, playing house, and needing assistance. The female to male ratios in the 1940s to 1960s ranged respectively from 50:1 to 8.3:1 (Kortenhaus & Demarest, 1993). In the 1970s and 1980s the ratios continued to decrease to male to female ratios of 4.3:1 and 4.8:1. The decreasing tendency in sexism is a representation that authors in the 1980s were making a concerted effort to become more aware of women's growing functions. According to Wallis, 60 percent of women with children under.