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Background At the face of uncertain improvements in the Iranian nuclear program, there are two major aspects to be taken under consideration by the U.S. government. Firstly, there's considerable evidence that the Islamic Republic is on the verge of attaining break-out capacity for creating a nuclear device. It's estimated that such a development could happen within the next six months. Meanwhile, the election of a new, moderate President of the Islamic Republic H.E. Hassan Rouhani, whose tone and articulated policies (that, undoubtedly, have now been endorsed by the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei), could create a historical window of opportunity for reaching an agreement on their atomic program. Additionally, global sanctions imposed by the United Nations and implemented by the trading partners of Iran can also prove to be an effective tool for dealing with the Iranian nuclear disaster. However, it's important to bear in mind the wider regional context whilst dealing with this issue. Israel is still skeptical about the possibility of an arrangement with Iran and contrasts Mr. RouhaniвЂ™s recent conciliatory rhetoric and proceeds as a smokescreen to kill two birds with one stone: to buy time for its final push to acquire nuclear weapons and present a nuclear-armed Iran as a fait accompli, and also to scale back sanctions, together with the understanding that their reactivation will be, at least, difficult. France is also encouraging IsraelвЂ™s position on this particular issue. A similar problem may arise with the other regional celebrity, Saudi Arabia. Any rapprochement between the U.S. and Iran will unnerve the Saudi Kingdom, which views the Islamic Republic as arch-rival and may believe such advancement as tipping the balance in the area in TehranвЂ™...