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The Mexican Migrant Farm Workers' community formed from Southern California in the 20th century due to two factors that came together: farming highlighted by migrations such as the Okie farmers in the East and Mexicans "imported" to the U.S. because of the need for affordable labour as a replacement of Americans during World War II. The migrant labor group formed following an already similar group in the U.S was set in California, the American farm workers in the East, called the Okies. The Dust Bowl of the 1930s resulted in the movement of the Okies into the West and was followed by the transition out of American dominant plantation labour to Mexican migrant labour. The Okies bolstered farming in California throughout the skills they took with them, significant to the period of time which Mexicans arrived to California in larger amounts. However, the community has been improved by World War II from 1939 to 1945, which brought in immigrants to replace Americans who left to struggle in the battlefields. Robin A. Fanslow, archivist at the Library of Congress, asserts that due to World War II, "those who were left behind took good advantage of the job opportunities which were available in [the] West Coast" (Fanslow). Although some Mexican migrants already dwelt in the U.S prior to this occasion, a vast majority came at the fields of California specifically to function as farmers through the Bracero Program, made due to the Second World War. Why the Second World War and not the First World War? WWII urgently demanded labour and Mexico was the United States' closest source. Though WWI also caused the U.S. to possess a shortage of labour; in the moment, other minorities dominated, such as the Japanese and Chinese. The Dust Bowl contributed to one of those.