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The Cause and Effects of Fat Syndrome Some people wonder what Down syndrome is. How it is caused, and how it is handled. The causes and consequences of Down syndrome is whenever there is an excess 21St chromosome. The effects include some birth defects and health issues. The bodily attributes are different from somebody without Down syndrome. What is Down syndrome? It is a chromosomal disorder caused by an error in cell division that results in an extra 21st chromosome (Crosta). Down syndrome causes problems with an individual's physical development that vary by how poor it is. This disorder can develop either prior to or after a child is born. Greater than 1,000 pregnancies for mothers less than 30 years old create a baby with Down syndrome. For moms who are 44 years old, about 1 in 35 pregnancies leads to a baby with Down syndrome (Crosta). The only means to have a child with Down syndrome is decided by your mother's age. 75-80% of babies that have Down syndrome are born to younger mothers. It's believed that a younger girl usually has more kids verses an elderly woman (Crosta). What causes Down syndrome? Robertsonian translocation happens when a part of chromosome 21 breaks off during cell division and attaches to another chromosome (generally chromosome 14) (Crosta). There are 46 chromosomes within the body. 23 are from the mother and 23 are from the father. When there is another backup or a half of copies of chromosome 21, then you will have a kid with Down syndrome. The most typical kind of Down syndrome is Trisomy 21. This is the point where the body has 47 Chromosomes instead of 46 (Crosta). Trisomy 21 is caused by a difficulty in the cell division called non-disjunction; it leaves a sperm or an egg cell having an extra copy of chromosome 21. 95 percent of Down syndro...