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The job of the Magistrates Court and Magistrates From the legal system there are many different types of courts. This essay talks about the Magistrates Courts and the Magistrates themselves. The office of magistrate dates back to the 12th century when Richard 1 appointed "keepers of the peace". They've completed judicial functions as the 13th century along with the term, justice of the peace was being used as far back as 1361. Magistrates have been in control of the police up till 1839. Paid magistrates have been around since the late 18th century and they've had to be officially qualified because the mid 19th century, when it had been decided they must be barristers. Lay magistrates in England and Wales, but at the Duchy of Lancaster, are appointed by the Lord Chancellor on behalf of the Sovereign. Candidates are suggested to the Lord Chancellor for appointment with his local advisory Committees. These include magistrates and other local people. The Lord Chancellor will consider a candidate's personal preference for appointment regardless of ethnic origin, gender, marital status, political affliction, religion or (based on the physical necessities of the workplace) disability. Planning for becoming a magistrate entails induction evenings, coaching days and visits to prisons and young offenders institutions. It may require two decades to be assessed, approved, trained and sworn in but to become the chair, they will need at least five years experience. On appointment, magistrates are expected to declare, or affirm, that they : 'Will be faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, her heirs and successors, ac...