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Drug testing is a laboratory procedure which looks for evidence of drug consumption by analyzing blood, urine, and hair samples. If analyzed, you must provide a sample before an observer to be certain that it is not tampered with. Samples are then sent to a laboratory for analysis, and the employer is advised of the results (Wodell 1). Exactly who must be subject to the new fad of mandatory drug tests, is that the major question being increased among companies, schools, athletes and national government workers. Firms feel that random drug testing of their employees will create increased productivity, save on healthcare costs, enhance employee turnover, avert less injuries, and improve job satisfaction. Schools are beginning to examine their students in more and more areas. This time it is not just athletes, but anyone involved in any after-school actions will be tested also. Schools believe testing their pupils will provide students an excuse to say no to drugs. Additionally, it has generated much controversy amongst employees of the federal government because workers feel that it is a violation of their right to privacy. Now 81% of large U.S. corporations participate in some form of employee drug screening, and 98 percent of Fortune 200 companies have drug-testing policies. On the other hand, workers are more aware of their own rights. With the heightened awareness of privacy issues in the U.S, instituting a drug-testing policy may render a business on shaky legal ground if they're not careful. Testing agencies claim that this growing trend is working to reduce alcohol and drug abuse in the workforce. According to a single center in 1987, 18.1 percent of those tested showed positive drug use compared to 1997, where only 5% out of fiv...