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In the mid 1700s, Pope Benedict XIV defined martyrdom and summarized the characteristics of martyr. According to the Pope, a martyr is a "believer that dies for the faith and, specifically, who's killer (the "tyrant") must have been inspired by hatred of the religion" (Peterson, 93). In addition, it is not enough for a martyr to simply die for a reason; instead he should have been observed, as somebody who refused to recant is belief. In other words, people as someone who chose to maintain his beliefs despite the dire consequences he would face otherwise must have observed a martyr. Another criterion is that a martyr should have been seen as saying something along the lines of turning my soul into God or giving up my life for Christ before their implementation. This definition parallels to the third century definition of martyr, which is that a martyr is someone who has "watched the truth" and via "their words or action has the right to be referred to as a martyr" (Peterson, 94). According to Dailey, it's the cause, not the death, that makes a martyr and that the breeding of martyrdom is dependent upon the legible narrative rehearsal of martyr models (Dailey, 67). This usually means that a person is categorized as a martyr, when he fits among the versions that was previously set by other martyrs. This essay will focus on the written reports of John Hooper's implementation, assassination of Thomas Becket, and Edmund Campion who had been hanged, drawn and quartered. In addition, the essay will examine how the written reports about every one of these individuals show that they died as a martyr. John Hopper was born from the late 1450's in a county in central England. In Foxe's "Book of Martyrs: Selected Narratives," Hopper is described as someone who'd.