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By definition, "osteoporosis, or porous bone, is a disease characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility and an increased risk of fractures of the hip, back, and wrist" (National Institute of Health- Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases, 2012). The two Berarducci (2008) and Hansberger's (2005) post note that osteoporosis is the most frequent disorder of all bone disorders, affecting both women and men. The incidence of this disease is increasing in the USA with almost 44 million affected Americans and a quote prevalence rate of 10 to 14 million by 2020. Deemed a "silent" epidemic, there's a minimal amount of diagnosis, as well as lower level of treatment. Walker (2010) supports Hansberger (2005) that the disease causes depression, pain, stress, lack of freedom, and finally fractures. It is essential that Advanced Practice Nurses/Nurse Practitioners possess a solid comprehension of the disease and can determine risk factors, order the proper diagnostic testing, and treat their own patients. There are many recognizable risk factors which are both modifiable, and also non-modifiable. The sex of the individual is a major risk factor, as girls are more likely to develop osteoporosis. Of the almost 50 million Americans diagnosed with osteoporosis, 80 percent are women. Females at any age have less bone density compared to men, but at the mid-30's girls undergo bone loss at a speed of 1% each year (Berarducci, 2008). Walker (2010) adds to the prior statistics, citing approximately one out of 3 women over age fifty may have a fracture related to osteoporosis, compared to only one in 12 men. Post-menopausal girls are at greater risk due to the estrogen levels declining leading to...