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When Cultures and Languages Blend: Traditional and Modern Instances of Code-Switching and Other Language Mixing One of the most interesting sociolinguistic phenomena in contemporary times is code-switching. This act occurs when a speaker or speakers change from 1 dialect to another inside a single dialog. It is similar to style-shifting, which entails a change in the level of formality between speakers. (Curzan, 266-269) The complexity of social interaction demands language users to adapt to changing demands in conversation. Typical and atypical shifts in language use are evident in everyday life. A conversation between two colleagues may be radically different from a dialogue between a manager and a manager. A conversation between friends who share the same two languages will likely change from a conversation between two monolingual friends. Along with a letter to someone who lives only a short distance away will probably be reminiscent of a letter written to someone in another region, country, or continent in the author. It is crucial to distinguish code-switching from the practices of borrowing and utilizing loanwords. Such loaned or borrowed words are used by many speakers throughout a language, whereas code-switching occurs in specific times and places. Code-switching can likewise be unconscious or conscious. While a word out of a different language might be inserted for clarity, fluently bilingual speakers can change between languages with minimal intention or purpose. Persons in multilingual communities have a tendency to code-switch frequently and with minimum conscious effort. A code-switching speaker may simply speak the first word which comes to mind, regardless of which language stipulates the source. Code-switching is n.. .