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When we were to examine a high school calculus classroom or the team with an engineering program of a college or college, chances are that the male to female ratio would be significantly skewed. Why are men and women so different in their own choices and behaviour? The brunt of popular belief focuses on the environmental cues that lead to our different behaviours. However, is there an innate biological foundation to the options and differing skills between women and men? Cognitive functioning or mind processing gaps in both sexes has been a point of interest and controversy for many years. The purpose of this essay is to explore whether neuroanatomical and genetic differences between males and females play a part in the development of "gender-specific" behaviors, perceived intellectual strengths and professional choices. Equality irrespective of gender or creed is an axiom that is essential to our modern day society. And even in this 21st century, the amount of women in some "male dominated" professions, has remained quite unchanged. Many social theorists feel that women are discouraged from these professions and that if they had been given an unbiased, level playing field, that need for these professions are indistinguishable for both males and females. Mary Pipher, a psychotherapist for adolescent females writes, "With women... their achievement is attributed to good luck or hard work and failure to lack of ability, with every failure, women' confidence is eroded. All this works in subtle ways to stop girls from wanting to be astronauts and brain surgeons. Girls can not say why they ditch their dreams, they just 'strangely' shed interest" (10). Experiments have shown that girls perform better when given tests that they...