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Dead Sea Scrolls The Dead Sea Scrolls are a set of 800-900 manuscripts found in caves in Qumran east of Jerusalem and northwest of the Dead Sea. The very first scrolls were discovered in 1947 by a shepherd-boy who drifted to a cave after a stray goat. The texts are thought to have been hidden in eleven caves for safe-keeping before the destruction of Rome at A.D.70. The scrolls are an assortment of biblical and non-biblical documents comprising of the Hebrew Bible, (each book except Esther); the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha; rules for community life; biblical commentaries; a Testimonia, (a selection of verses from the Bible about the Messiah); a War Scroll; Temple Scroll; poetic and liturgical pieces; Thanksgiving Hymns; intellect directions; legal rulings; horoscopes and even a treasure map.1 Hailed as the archaeological end of contemporary times they were created from papyrus or creature skins known as gevil and written right to left without any punctuation. The truth is there were no spaces between words they simply ran together. Written in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek with ink made out of carbon white and black pigments and using birds feathers as writing implements. A variety of kinds of relationship methods were utilized including carbon-14 evaluations done on linen wrappings, palaeographic, trademarks and coins found and scribal. The scrolls were obsolete from around 250 BC to 68 AD. Coming in the late second Temple period, the time when Jesus lived, they are older than every other living biblical manuscripts. Preceding this a record called the Nash Papyrus was the oldest biblical record which was dated to the 1st or 2nd century and contained the Ten Commandments. The scrolls contained duplicates of Isaiah that were almost 1000years older than.