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ASSIGNMENT ID
1000973
SUBJECT AREA Self improvement
DOCUMENT TYPE Essay
CREATED ON 26th November 2017

PM10 in Christchurch and the Impact It Has On Health Essay

Air pollution, the contamination of atmosphere through pollutants and gases (The American Heritage Stedman's Medical Dictionary, n.d.) is an issue greatly impacting New Zealand's citizen's health and in Christchurch, may account for up to 9.1% of all deaths (Palmer (University of Waikato, 2009), the recommended exposure to PM10, a pollutant with particles that have a diameter smaller than 10 microns (Ministry for the Environment, 2003) at Christchurch is often surpassed (Palmer and Mann, 2011). Additionally, Palmer and Mann (2011) report that the vast majority of these particles arise from human activity, such as wood burning stoves, which accounts for up to 80% of all PM10 particles released (Moller, 2011), hydrocarbon-burning visitors and industrial wastes, which account for the rest. One of those deaths in Christchurch related to PM10 particle vulnerability, an estimated 48 percent were caused through the particle vulnerability through wood burning, 31% from visitors and 21 percent to additional resources (Palmer and Mann, 2011). People who are most likely to endure mortality as a result of the particulate exposure are babies, people over 65, school aged children and sufferers of respiratory disorders (Fisher et al. 2005; Christchurch City Health Profile, 2012), and normally those who live in reduced socioeconomic regions (Christchurch City Health Profile, 2012). Despite overexposure to those harmful emissions decreasing annually, as revealed from the Christchurch City Health Profile (2012), in 1998 there were 60 days in the ye...

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