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Mandatory Prenatal HIV Testing This specific journal researches prenatal HIV testing as it relates to vertical transmission. Randomized controlled studies involving HIV- positive pregnant women at different stages of pregnancy have been monitored and assessed in a bid to locate conclusive justification for prenatal testing. Girls of different income levels, educational and ethnic backgrounds were included in those studies. The AIDS Clinical Trials Group Study 076 also as after randomized controlled trials were utilized in order to test whether prenatal testing was an effective means of preventing the vertical transmission of the HIV virus. Quick and relatively simple tests were performed in order to ascertain whether pregnant mothers were HIV- positive. In case the mother then analyzed seropositive, antiretroviral treatment was started in an effort to decrease the perinatal transmission of the virus. Randomized trials performed in developing countries also tested whether early detection followed by antiretroviral therapy significantly decreased viral transmission. The ACTG 076 revealed that in cases between prenatal HIV testing, where the virus had been found in the earlier phases of pregnancy, that therapy could diminish the chance of transmission from 25 % to 8 %. What's more, because these findings have been published along with the recommendation that prenatal testing be required for pregnant women the cases of perinatally transmitted AIDS reported in the United States have been cut in half. AIDS Clinical Trials Group Study 076 produced evidence that mandatory prenatal testing would be effective, but it is plausible that the study itself might have been more efficient. The studies performed were mathematically solid and le...