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In this short article, I intend to revisit the historic context of The Crucible and its significance in the present society. I believe that Arthur Miller's life and his expertise of McCarthyism strongly affected the writing of The Crucible. McCarthyism, named after Joseph McCarthy had been an interval of intense anti-communism, which happened in the United States from 1948 to about 1956. During this time the authorities of the United States persecuted that the Communist party USA, its own leadership, and several other suspected of being communists. The word McCarthyism now conveys the suggestion of fictitious, hysterical accusation and large scale attacks on a minority. This anticommunist crusade came in 1954, once the hearings were televised allowing the press and public to view McCarthy's bullying strategies. He suffered a backlash in public opinion, and was afterward, himself researched and McCarthy disappeared in the spotlight immediately. In my opinion, Arthur Miller's The Crucible takes just two of their oddest moments in American history, and uses them to demonstrate the strain on individuals from society, to conform. Miller requires the Salem Witch evaluations and uses them to reflect on the McCarthyism period. By using religion as a kind of replacement for politics, Miller was able to see the similarities between the McCarthy era and the activities of the Puritans in Salem. Every event was equally as cruel and merciless as the other, although the Salem Witch trials had happened over 200 years before The Crucible was written, by using it to mirror exactly the McCarthy era, the spirit of persecution was re-awoken. Just as McCarthy considered everything "Un-American" to be Communist, the Puritans at The Crucible believed everything un-explainable to be the work of the devil, also in both circumstances, the government demanded conformity. In The Crucible folks were placed on trial and killed when they did something "un-explainable". I believe part of how Arthur Miller set this over as them being killed over whether or not it's a human right to resist conformity, such as in action three if John Proctor produced evidence that the very core of this Witch trials was a sham, he had been accused of attempting to overthrow the court and associating with the devil. His proof was discredited and he was executed. The only reason he "tried to overthrow the courtroom" seems to be because he took it upon himself to quit the.