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Economic and Political Context Long prior to its enactment on September 13, 1994, the foundation for the Violence Against Women Act has been assembled. More than 140 decades back, members of the U.S. authorities were working to end the injustice of violence against women when, in 1871, Alabama was the first state to make it illegal for a man to beat his wife (U.S. Department of Justice, 2010). In 1967, one of the first domestic violence shelters in the country opened its doors in Maine; and by this time until 1994, progress gradually but steadily continued. Within the next 10 years, the initial emergency rape hotline opened in the nation's capital, and Pennsylvania alone created the first state coalitions against sexual assault and domestic violence, which has been the first nation to pass a regulation for orders of defense to battered women (U.S. Department of Justice, 2010). Sexual and domestic violence protection has been enacted on a national level when, in 1978, The National Coalition Against Sexual Assault and the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence were formed. Perhaps some of the most crucial moments resulting in VAWA happened in 1984 when the Duluth Project was shaped, the Task Force on Family Violence was created, along with the Family Violence Prevention Services Act was passed by Congress (U.S. Department of Justice, 2010). The Duluth Project--the first criminal justice response paradigm to domestic violence--has been established in Duluth, Minnesota, and created the "Duluth Model" that to this day, serves as "an every evolving manner of considering the way the community works together to end domestic violence" ("The Duluth Model -- What's the Duluth Model?" , 2011). The Duluth Model approach takes off the blame sufferers and holds perpet...