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Existentialism from The Metamorphosis and The Hunger Artist Existentialism is a philosophy Managing man's aloneness in the world. Either there's no God or else God stands besides man, leaving him free will to make his own decisions. From this basic idea of man being lonely in an uncertain and purposeless world, many relevant ideas have grown. 1 great worry of existentialist writers is that life is growing too complex and too impersonal. People today become more and more involved with their job, which is carrying them away from their friends, family, and culture. But, these offer the only "meaning" that life could possibly have. 1 writer famous known for his work with existential thoughts was Franz Kafka. Kafka, who wrote from the mid-1910's before the early 1920's, shot the ideas of existentialism and interwove them so well into his novels and short stories that they became a signature of his composing. Two of the stories are great examples of the philosophy: The Metamorphosis and "The Hunger Artist." From The Metamorphosis, Gregor, the protagonist, also works as a salesman. He doesn't like his job but works very hard, making his job his lifetime. If he wakes up one morning having turned into a dung beetle (or perhaps a cockroach?) Through the night, he thinks only about how he's going to have to perform, not how it occurred or what he can do about it. The hunger artist is also completely devoted to his job, which is fasting. To him it's an art, one that he works at night and day. All of his ideas focus on the way he can improve himself. At the end of two days (that had been the fasting limitation determined by his manager), he constantly asks himself, "Why stop now when [I am] in [my] best fasting for...