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Last and largest of the Pacific island battles of World War II, the Okinawa campaign (April 1--June 22, 1945) involved that the 287,000 troops of the U.S. Tenth Army from 130,000 soldiers of the Western Thirty-second Army. At stake were broadcast bases vital into the projected invasion of Japan ("Battle of Okinawa," 1996). The Battle of Okinawa remembered more for its iconic photograph of US Marines raising the US flag on Okinawa more so than any other war or struggle actually fought. Okinawa the largest of the Ryukus islands played a significant part in the American forces overall strategic efforts to advance to the mainland's of Japan. Because it was the last important battle of WWII, the battle of Okinawa used lessons learned and TTP's from all preceding struggles with the Western to successfully apply combined striking power of the services and techniques of amphibious operations. Operation Iceberg was the official Okinawa campaign title. Due to its strategic importance to both the Western and the American's, the Thirty-second Japanese Army commanded by General Mitsuri Ushijima, has been arranged to defend Okinawa at all cost. The Western forces would change their typical strategies of powerful defensive positions at the shores and water edge as viewed in the other pacific battles noteworthy the battle of Iwo Jima. Instead they used burial tombs as temples therefore that the Americans would need to bring the fight to them. Because of the desperation felt by the Western forces leading up to the battle and American forces making continuous advances toward Japan, the Japanese forces believed that the battle couldn't be won. They were ordered to punctually to allow Japan to build its defenses across the homeland. Japanese weren't only dying due to their county but carrying their own lives as.