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1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Terms of Reference This report discusses the aspects that influenced Pasig River's aquatic life and solutions to overcome this frightening catastrophe. 1.2 Procedure Information has been gathered for this report from: • World Health Organization Website • Water Issues in Southeast Asia: Present Trends and Future Management • Environmental and Engineering Research Website • Water Pollution Control: A guide to the usage of water quality control fundamentals 1.3 Background Philippines has at least 99 million individuals with 13% of the complete population residing in Metro Manila. Metro Manila, the National Capital Region is recognized as the Primary industrial and commercial center of the Philippines. "Metro Manila has the maximum population density, in 16,497 individual per km², and almost all of its land area is restricted for development expansion, with very little or no place for agriculture" (Gorme et al., 2010, p. 173). Even the 15.5-mile (25 kilometers) river flows throughout the two cities of Manila and hyperlinks Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay. During the Spanish colonial period, Pasig River played a significant part in providing the community food, livelihood and transportation. During the years, river has been neglected and frequently taken for granted with the occupants. As a result, Pasig River was declared biologically dead in 1990 (Andrade, 2013). Figure 1. Pasig River at 1890s (Fee, 1912, p. 46) 2.0 Findings 2.1Pollution Sources • Factories Located in the Pasig River Basin Pasig River was biologically dead for nearly 20 years.Factories are regarded as the main polluters of the river. Its canals were used as sewerage for its industrial wastes out of factories.There are more than 300 factories working on the river's bank...