Get help with any kind of assignment - from a high school essay to a PhD dissertation
1.1 Introduction Handling artisanal fisheries is vital for achieving sustainable fisheries. According to Jacket and Pauly (2008) artisanal fisheries around the world are way more efficient than commercial fisheries, provide higher social benefits and fewer disturbances on marine ecosystems. Yet, artisanal fisheries have contributed to a substantial effect on marine ecosystems. The rising coastal inhabitants, the growing fishing effort and the use of destructive fishing gear are affecting marine ecosystems. Thus, to know and manage the consequences of artisanal fisheries is one of the principal concerns of marine conservation. In Honduras, the principal management tools for marine conservation are marine protected areas and the artisanal fishing law regulations. However, the effort to understand and handle artisanal fisheries could be considered low. Interdisciplinary research linking environmental, socioeconomic, and cultural aspects of artisanal fisheries is non-existent. 1.2 Problem statement it's widely accepted that artisanal fisheries in Honduras are in decline, the most important reason being overfishing. Overfishing is a result of poor institutional abilities to enforce the current regulations as well as the absence of a legal framework regulating the access to artisanal fishing sites. Despite regulations, using destructive fishing equipment such as beach seines, trammel nets and harpoons remains openly used, menacing the marine sources. The impacts of most artisanal fishing might be reduced, but the impact of several communities using destructive gear interrupts the livelihoods of many others and activates conflict. Some of the reasons for the use of destructive fishing equipment are identified. Although poverty and the lack of alternative livelihoods are p.. .