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Genetic Modification of Forest Tree Species Essay

Project id 1013172
Subject area Other
Document type Essay
Words 1657
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Biotechnology can be explained as a “assortment of equipment for modifying tree genetics and physiology to assist breeding, propagation and analysis” (Burdon and Libby 2006). These tools include the use of tissue culture, genetic engineering (genetic modification) and the use of genetic markers for marker assisted breeding (Harry and Strauss 2010). Tissue lifestyle is the procedure for growing vegetation in a cultured moderate under managed conditions from little plant parts. The vegetation stated in this manner are used in the greenhouse and grow then. The benefits of tissue culture are: • This technology produces specific copies of the organism which has the desirable trait. • Plant life will reach maturity quicker. • Tissue culture permits the development of a plant without the use of seeds or pollination. • Vegetation are grown under managed and sterile circumstances which decrease the risk of exposure to pests, diseases and pathogens. • Tissue culture permits the clonal propagation of plant (production of multiple copies of the same genotype). Marker assisted breeding (or marker aided selection) identifies the analysis of the trees’ genetic fingerprint (DNA) or even more particularly the genetic variability of a species (variation in the DNA). Trees including characteristics of interest, such as for example fast growth price and disease resistance, could be selected using particular gene markers. Gene markers could be a solitary nucleotide insertion or deletion in the DNA which can be linked to the trait of interest. Using this given information, tree breeders can predict the functionality of trees and make early options for turning over tree generations. They are able to also select the greatest parents to cross to be able to produce great offspring. Genetic modi...

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