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Families in the Call to Home by Carol Stack The families in the Phone to House by Carol Stack do not fit together with the ordinary American household clarified by Haviland. A normal American family comprises the parents and the kids only. An aunt increasing her nieces and nephews with her own kids while their parents are residing North isn't considered a regular household. Parents and children are split with part of the children living with a single parent and others are living with grandparents. Such separation happens because it's harder and harder to find work in the South and several kids don't have another option except to go up North for schooling and cash. As North became industrialized, folks like Eula Grant, Shantee Owens, Donald Hardy and lots of others packed their bags and went searching for better lives. The industrialization along with the change to urbanism didn't really affect the kinship system of southern rural families. It has become more difficult to keep and adhere to the system because of people moving North but there are still extended families just like before. The children are still sending their kids back home to the grandparents, there continue to be aunts and uncles living together with their families. If children move up North, they sometimes live with the relatives that have already established themselves, so they still stay in the homelike atmosphere. Of course, there are people like Billie and Hank who try to survive by themselves, but they still send their girls home, which is a continuation of the kinship system. The collection of migration along with its consequences could not have occurred anywhere else but in the rural South. It was the place with a totally different financial system then the rest of the United Stated. When East Coast and West Coast started industrializing, the South did not but kept on relying on cotton and slaves to produce it. However, when slavery was abolished, Southern economy, which relied on the slaves, fell, causing major poverty. Ex-slaves started sharecropping, but it was not enough to keep the families going. Cases when people saved up money to purchase their own land were rare and generally they couldn't keep it for long due to the debts. Samuel Bishop got lucky because he was able to get the land and keep it for so long, but after his death there was nothing for the family to do but to go into the debt. Thi...