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Rekindle Dynamics Essay

Project id 1011790
Subject area Other
Document type Essay
Words 3402
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There are only a few organic phenomena with the extent and complexity of a forest fire (Van Wagner [1]). Rekindles or reignitions that reburn an area over which a preceding fire has passed but leaving fuel that later ignites because of latent heat, sparks, or embers (NWCG [2]) is an incredible part of this phenomena. For example fuel complexes which exhibit heavy fuel loads and heavy organic layers. Notably under the decomposing leaf litter there are a streamlined organic horizon where the floor or subsurface fires will remain burning slowly (Lourenço and Rainha [3]). Near rivers, peat bogs, old woods, and big decaying logs are prone to such fire persistence. As a result of the dryness left following the passage of the main fire front. Especially in major dry spells or droughts (Henderson and Muraro [4], Alexander [5]). Such underground burning in a smouldering point can creep into flames when it will get the surface exposing this heated fuel to air (6). Throughout the summer of 2010, Portugal had 14,551 principal wildfires. 17.2 percent of them rekindled in an additional 2,497 fires, leading to a total of 17,048 that accounted for 95 percent of their total annual burned area of 132,241 ha (Pacheco [7]). These figures might be worse. Several authors indicate that the amount of rekindled woods fires is greater than the officially reported (Lourenço and Rainha [3], ANIF [8]). Expert-judgment elicitation in our interviews points to the double. Even assuming that the available information is right, there are too many rekindles (Beighley and Hyde [9]). This is a regarding situation that has gotten worse over recent years (ANIF [8]), and also outcomes from unsuccessful mop-up operations (Lourenço and Rainha [3], ANIF [8], Beighley and Hyde [9], ISA [10], Lourenço [11], Murdock...

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