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In 1863 Colombia was given its title. The name was selected in honour of Christopher Columbus, even though Columbus never seen Colombia. Alonso de Ojeda, was the first European to set foot Colombia in 1499, Alonso de Ojeda explored Sierra Navada de Santa Marie and was amazed by the prosperity of these Indians and their stories. These tales gave birth to the legend of El Dorado. Colombia became a goal to all Spaniards due to the supposed riches there. Everyone went to Colombia and a couple of small settlements were constructed. In 1525 Rodrigo de Bastidas place down the first stones of, Santa Maria, that is now the earliest surviving city. The obsession with El Dorado drove many people to go to Colombia. They found no gold or riches but since so many folks went to Colombia the colonization grew. The legend of El Dorado is connected into the Muiscas and the famous Lagunada Guatavita. Some of the ancient citizens left artifacts like pottery and gold but little is known about the people because they didnвЂ™t leave much else behind. Smaller groups of the Incas settled in Colombia. Spaniards affirmed through exploration that through Indian staples gold offerings were thrown to sacred water. Colombia fought for liberty in the 1970вЂ™s after the French Revolution. Colombians fought against Spaniards to recover their independence. Simon Bolivar led the fight against Spain and defeated them in the Battle of Boyaca. Their independence was declared August 1819. CartagenaвЂ™s independence was announced May 1810. Colombia is the fourth biggest country in South America. Its capital is Bogota. The official language is Spanish. You will find 75 native languages but just four percent of the population speaks them. Its land area is 1,038,700square...