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Harper Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird and the Scottsboro Case On March 25 1931 a group of eight boys were charged with raping two women aboard a train traveling from Paint Rock Alabama across the state's border. The trial of the boys had become collectively known as the Scottsboro case. Several decades after Harper Lee wrote her famous novel To Kill a Mockingbird. In this story a young male Tom Robinson is charged with raping a white female. It is by understanding the parallel involving Tom Robinson's situation in To Kill a Mockingbird and the Scottsboro case which can be understood that a fair trial was unlikely and that due to Tom Robinson's race he was presumed guilty before his trial. Assessing the similarities between the Scottsboro case and Tom Robinson's trail, the first major parallel the shadow of lynching which menaces the accused in the two. The threat of lynching happens from the publication when after Tom Robinson is hauled into the Maycomb city prison. That night a mob of people from neighboring community named Old Sarum gather around the jail in an attempt to abduct him. This type of behaviour is by all means quite plausible for this time period. In a nearly identical event, concerning this in the novel, on a chilly night in 1931 after the Scottsboro boys had been sentenced a scene straight from To Kill a Mockingbird seemed to come to life. That night Dan T. Carter, the court historian, reports, " farmers in the nearby hills started collecting, and by dusk a crowd of several hundred stood in front of the two-story jail." (Carter 7) Just like the Old Sarum mob the majority of these people were poor white farmers seeking the blood of a black man. The connection of this southern society's atmosphere toward a black man committing a crime from some time f.. .