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Section I: Introduction Women have been in the military, or related to combat for decades. "The most well-known illustration of the ability of a female to not only be included in combat but to lead forces would be that of Joan of Arc's epic struggles leading the French army when she was just a teenager." (Gerber 1) Women are involved in espionage and even posed as male soldiers during the Civil War. Conflicts like, WWI, WWII, Panama, as well as as our present wars in Iraq and Afghanistan women have served with distinction in many ways. In our latest conflict, over 100 military girls have given the ultimate sacrifice. Nowadays with changes in our society and the global environment in which we reside two controversial arguments arise concerning women in battle. Fundamentally the debate whether women should be permitted to take part in direct combat or not. As our society and cultural beliefs alter so does exactly what we except as social norms. Either side of the argument bring many motives for and against allowing women to take part in direct battle. Taking into account both views of the controversy it will show , that not only a societal change has occurred, but the dynamics of this battle has in fact already placed female service members into direct combat. Section II: Opposition to Direct Combat Roles for Women Social Norms Those which are firmly against it base their criticism on a range of reasons which are based on social norms which have existed for centuries. Our cultural and social norms have previously and will far to the future dictate how we address these issues. Societies have in the start of time set specific norms of what men and women ought to be. These expectations are known as gender criteria and a.. .