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"A railroad is similar to a lie, you need to keep building it to allow it to stand." - Mark Twain Sustainability, the capability to make an enduring system, is a vital factor in the evaluation of an industry. The health of the transportation industry and specifically the railroad business is dependent upon the industry's ability to maintain its own business model in the face of origin challenges. A key driver of rail sustainability is that the infrastructure, the rails, switches, yards and turnouts that the railroad industry utilizes when transferring products from source to destination. Both the authorities and the respective railroads are investing heavily in infrastructure projects, and have selected different targets for enhancing the health of the railroad system. Within this paper, all their methods is analyzed, and policy recommendations for railroad infrastructure are designed to guarantee the long-term wellness of the transport market. Background From the constitution of the first railroad systems at the middle of the 19th century to today, there has been some kind of government regulation within the process of passenger and freight rail in the United States. However, in the past 40 years, important steps have been taken to reduce the amount and sort of regulatory oversight which the government provides over railroads. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, railroads experienced increasing difficulty with their freight company in addition to with their passenger support. As the Interstate Highway System made traveling by personal automobile increasingly enticing, additionally, it improved the viability of long tail trucking. At exactly the exact same time, rigorous regulation from the Interstate Commerce Commission of rail prices, routes, and service hampered the railroads' ability to.