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"Easter 1916" The 1916 Easter Rebellion talked to the heart of Irish nationalism and appeared to control nationalist accounts of the origin and development of the Irish state. The decision by a hand- full of Irish patriots to strike a blow for Irish freedom matched the Irish men and women in its savage intensity and grandeur. Based on Richard Kearney, author of Myth and Terror, suddenly everything was dated 'Before or after Easter Week'. The subsequent executions of those sixteen rebel leaders from the British authorities marked an unbelievable transformation out of Irish patriots for their martyrdom, which came to signify the high-water markers of redemptive violence, a glorious beginning and a damn ending. The first reaction in Ireland to the Rising was shock and anger. Following the executions, the nationalist community closed ranks against the British government. The most famous response to the Rising is the poem "Easter 1916" by the Irish poet, William Butler Yeats. In one respect, the poem is a product of its own period and reflects the psychological impact of Easter Week. However, the power of Yeats's speech and vision transcends the event, and asks that the question of centuries, "O when may it suffice?" In 1916, the political climate in Ireland was dangerously volatile, but few Irish citizens realized they were in the edge of the abyss. Many nationalists, William Butler Yeats included, were satisfied with a promise by the British authorities to grant Ireland moderate freedom, in the form of Home Rule, in the close of World War I. The Unionist population pledged to resist Home Rule and began arranging a heavily armed private militia. The Irish Diaspora and several Irish nationalists had small religion in the British government's willingness to install Home Rule and stand until the unionists. Preoccupied from the Great War and desperate for bodies that are competent, the British government made its' deadly decision to enforce conscription in Ireland. Outcries by Irish republicans which Britain bore no right to 'Irish fodder' because of their warfare canons, helped pave the way to an uprising. Rebel leaders in the Irish Republican Brotherhood, the Irish Nationalist Volunteer Army, along with James Connolly's Citizens Army decided the time was ripe for a rebellion and adopted a familiar notion in Irish background, 'England's trouble is Ireland's chance' Like t.. .