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An Assessment of Direct-to-Consumer Testing and Need for Integrative Genetic Counseling

Assignment id 1007466
Discipline Other
Assignment type Essay
Words 2810
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Introduction As of 2011, over 250 health conditions can be genetically tested, and more than 27 different businesses offer genetic testing solutions.1 Direct-to-consumer testing (DTC) is increasing in popularity and prevalence in our contemporary health care society.2 DTCs are genetic tests that are available to the public, through phone or web, and are issued without the help of a health practitioner.1 Finally, DTCs will be employed to appraise a wide variety of diseases.1 Currently they may be employed to trace cancer, and Alzheimer's, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.1,3 DTC testing is now a part of a thriving healthcare marketplace.4 A variety of businesses provide DTCs, such as Myriad, among the most popular product lines.4 The incidence of DTCs is becoming controversial in health care, primarily due to the chance of consumers misinterpreting and having difficulty coping with the evaluations they get, particularly without any assistance.4 DTCs work by assessing single nucleotide polymorphisms.4,5 Common techniques include karyotyping, polymerase chain reaction, and DNA sequencing and microarray.1 Given the widespread and increasing utilization of DTCs, it is eminent for both approaching caregivers and consumers to know about the full advantages, risks, and limitations.6 One method to cope with DTC outcome and queries might be through using genetic counseling.6 Genetic counseling is the process of seeking advice from a health practitioner about dangers and predispositions associated with genetic disorders.6 While considerable studies have been done on several aspects of DTCs, the emotional outcomes of using these solutions have not been widely studied.1 The objective of the review paper is to further explore the utilization of DTCs and evaluat...

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