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Relational and Object-oriented Database Management Systems A database is a "shared collection of logically related information designed to satisfy with the data needs of multiple users in a business" (Hoffer 709). Databases contain data records or files, like sales transactions, product catalogs and inventories, and customer profiles. Databases allows multiple users within a company to easily access, manage, store, and update data when needed. A database management system is software designed to help in preserving and utilization large collections of information, and the demand for such procedures and their usage. The very first general-purpose database management system (DBMS) was designed by Charles Bachman who worked for General Electric in 1960. The original system was actually called the Integrated Data Store and was used to form the foundation for the network data model. Later, IBM developed its' own version of DBMS and called it the Information Management System (IMS) DBMS. IMS eventually formed the structure for an alternative data representation framework called the hierarchical data model. This new system allowed several people to access the same data through a computer network. Although there may be countless benefits of using a DBMS to handle data, there are six worth mentioning. First, data is independent. Second, there's efficient information access. A DBMS employs an assortment of methods to store and retrieve data. This allows for data to be sorted in additional places like external storage devices. Third, the DBMS can enforce data integrity and security by enforcing access controls that govern what data is visible to different users. A fourth benefit of using a DBMS is centralized data administration...