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Essay about Tuberculosis in Hispanic Women of San Diego

Assignment id 1006526
Discipline Other
Assignment type Essay
Words 3479
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TUBERCULOSIS Tuberculosis, popularly called TB, is an infectious and often-severe airborne disorder brought on by fungal infection. TB typically affects the lungs, but it also can influence another member of the human body. It is generally treated with a regimen of medication taken for 2 months to 2 decades, depending on the type of infection (NIAID, 2014). An estimated of twenty of population of earth is affected by tuberculosis. In 2012, an estimated 8.6 new million TB cases were identified worldwide while an estimated 1.3 million died from the illness (WHO, 2013). In US, a whole of 9,951 TB cases (3.2 per 100,000) were reported in 2012 (CDC, 2013). Tuberculosis in america is the disease of their minorities (see Figure 1), even using the highest number of cases being reported in California, Texas, Florida, and New York (Miramontes, 2012). Combined, those four states accounted for 4,967 TB cases, representing half (49.9%) of all TB cases reported in 2012 (CDC, 2013). In 2012, California recently reported 2,191 new tuberculosis (TB) cases, an incidence rate of 5.8 cases per 100,000 people (CDPH, 2013). Figure 1 Tuberculosis in San Diego County In 2012, the County of San Diego reported that a total of 234 cases of active TB, representing an incidence rate of 7.4 per 100,000, which can be, respectively, 2.3 and 1.3 times greater than nationwide and statewide incidence rates (TBSD, 2014). Hispanics, an estimated 32.7% of the populace of the San Diego County (USCB, 2014), also represent the race/ethnicity category most severely affected with this disorder. The racial and ethnic breakdown of San Diego County TB cases in 2012 is revealed in Figure 2 (TBSD, 2014). Based on the preceding statistics (TBSD, 2014, USCB, 2014), the incidence rate of tub...

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