Get help with any kind of assignment - from a high school essay to a PhD dissertation
Officially known as Habitual offender legislation; "Three Strikes" laws have become common place in 29 countries(Chern) over the United States and the Federal Court system; these laws are made to counter criminal recidivism by incapacitation throughout the prison system. The idea behind the laws were to make the most of the criminal justice methods hindrance and selective incapacitation effect, under this deterrence theory individuals would be dissuaded from committing criminal activity by the danger of state enforced incarceration. Californians voted at the "three strikes" legislation (proposition 184) to March 7 1994 with a 72 percent vote with the intention of decreasing crime by targeting severe repeat offenders using long term incarceration thereby eliminating the capacity to commit another offense. Some unusual scenarios have come about because of such laws, particularly in California; a few defendants have been given sentences of 25 years to life for such petty offenses as shoplifting golf clubs or simply stealing a slice of pizza out of a young child on the shore or even a dual sentence of 50 years to life for stealing nine video tapes from two different shops while child molesters, rapists and murderers serve only a couple of decades. As a consequence of a few of these scenarios the 3 strikes sentences have prompted harsh criticism not only within the United States but from outside the country also (Campbell). Many inquiries have now arisen regarding the "three strikes" laws such as alternatives to incarceration such as non-heinous offenses, and what would occur if the country got rid of "strikes" and guaranteed that people convicted of a serious crime serve their full sentence? It is vital to compare the advantages and the prices and the options to incarceration when p...