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The Last Frontier of the United States The last frontier of the United States has been a great time period where Americans and immigrants from all over the globe came and settled for brand new territory. It was a time where the national government encouraged western settlement and economic exploitation. The United States of America came of age following the civil war. In a period of less than fifty years, it was transformed from a rural republic to an urban state. The frontier had vanished. Great factories and steel mills, transcontinental railway lines, booming cities, enormous agricultural holdings indicated the property. And in them arrived accompanying evils: monopolies tended to grow, factory working conditions were poor, cities developed so fast that they weren't able to properly house or govern their teeming populations, mill production occasionally outran sensible ingestion. The American frontier was an escape and a place of hope for those willing and ready to take their futures into their own hands. In the United States that the frontier moved in stages, beginning with the Eastern obligations, the first 13 colonies. After the Revolution, the pioneers gradually crossed the Appalachians and moved to the Ohio and Mississippi river valleys, then, at the mid-19th century, across the Mississippi. Settlement didn't proceed directly across the continent, however. The Majority of the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountain areas were temporarily bypassed in the rush to get to California. The rush was for gold, and the Mexican War had awarded California, along with the Entire Southwest, to the United States of America. Settlement was spurred by the Homestead Act of 1862 which allowed free farms of 160 acres to taxpayers who would occupy and improve the property. By 1880, nea...