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The Underworld and Morality at Vergil's Aeneid Book IV of the Aeneid can stand alone as Vergil's greatest literary achievement, but centered in the epic, it provides a base for the whole work. The book describes Aeneas's excursion through the underworld, where after passing through the depths of hell, '' he reaches his father Anchises from the territory of Elysium. Elysium is where the "Soul[s] to that Fate owes Another flesh" lie (115). Here Anchises delivers the prophecy of Rome into Aeneis. He is shown the great spirits which will one day occupy the entire bodies of Rome's leaders. Ahead of the prophecy of Rome is delivered, Aeneis's journey through the underworld provides a definite position of souls according to their own past lives on Earth. The Aeneid doesn't encircle a heaven, but the Underworld provides a punishment location at which souls are purged of the evils and after one thousand years, regenerated to Earth. The ranking of souls from the Underworld cautions of punishment for sin, and gives a moral framework for Roman lifestyle. Aeneis's first touch with a soul at the purgatory of the Underworld is Palinurus, who perished after falling from among Aeneis's ships. Aeneis is in the mouth of the river that flows through hell along with his lead that the goddess Diephobe and Charon the ferryman. Palinurus will be ferried to his place in the Underworld, so he can start his thousand-year purge. He pleads with Aeneis's celebration to take him along, but Deiphobe scolds him: "Shalt thou, unburied, watch the Stygian flood, '' The Furies flow, or get to the lender unbid?" (107).) In Vergil's Underworld you must have had a proper burial to get a position. This acts as a warning to Romans to present their deceased a proper funeral, less they remain in hell longer. After Pa.. .