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History and Function of the Motion Picture Patents Company (MPPC) Essay

Project id 1002786
Subject area Other
Document type Essay
Words 2854
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American film started with Thomas Edison that "envisioned a kind of 'coin-operated/entertainment machine' in which motion pictures made by the Kinetograph would exemplify the sound from the phonograph." (Cook 8) He possessed a studio called "Black Maria" at New Jersey. In 1894, Edison appointed his firm that the Edison Manufacturing Company. When WKL Dickson started his firm, the Biograph, he began the patents war simultaneously. Before the Biograph was shaped, Edison and his company were successfully dominated the motion picture field. Even the Lumiere brothers came to the U.S. with their cinematograph, Edison discovered it simple to keep his dominance power. National competitions have been happened very soon after the success of Edison. The primary competitor was Biograph Company. This was a unique case with Dickson because he'd worked with Edison to make the Kinetograph, a 35mm camera, and he knew how to challenge Edison. Moreover, he generated another camera called Mutoscope that could shot 70 millimeter film. Besides, as the requirement of this market was exceeded the distribution, this induced the competition. But with the setup of Vitagraph from Stauart Blackson, rivalry between these 3 major studios became more serious. Even Edison filed over twenty lawsuits to face these challenges, '' he had been failed to bring an end to these new businesses. It had been dramatically difficult for Edison to file litigation on Biograph, for Dickson was his former employer and remained a fantastic threat to his company. After that, many smaller businesses emerged into the market, raising the competition. By then, Edison strongly felt that the need to stay the dominated power, so he introduced the MPPC. Afterward, Edison and Biograph companies formed The Motion Picture Pat...

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