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Sociological Theory from Durkheim to Weber and Mead and Hall Sociological Theory/SOC-3310 Winter 2001 Take-home Final Durkheim, Marx, Weber, Mead, Stuart Hall A. 1) Based on Durkheim, what generates anomie in society? (10) Durkheim focuses on the equilibrium of society, and discusses the societal causes of suicide. His work demonstrates how ideology leads to equilibrium, and he explains abnormal requirements as anomie. Durkheim states, "in normal conditions the collective arrangement is regarded as just by the great majority of individuals &[b]ut when society is bothered by some painful crisis or from beneficent but sudden transitions, It's momentarily incapable of exercising this influence [of limiting desires]" What this means, is the dysfunctional and unbalanced condition the populous mass has when there is rapid change in society, for better of worse. Anomie is the product of transition that contributes to the incapability to know what is 'right' and what's 'wrong'. This is the effect of the people's solidarity in society, which suggests that laws benefit everybody to the same level. Therefore, the reduction of laws, which is also the loss of limits, causes a loss of comprehension. Anomie, in its literal sense means "a deficiency of norms", a condition where society has when society does not have any norms. Durkheim refers directly to a country of economic turmoil, which he explains as "juridical and moral anomie in which economic life is really found". Juridical and moral anomie is describing the nation a society has when there's an absence of laws, or a confusion of laws (juridical), and when the masses feel that they have a lack of criteria in terms of morality (moral). In order to understand Durkheim, one ought to assert the fact...